The conflict began in December 1991, when the new and enormously popular Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) party appeared poised to defeat the ruling National Liberation Front (FLN) party in the national parliamentary elections.
The elections were canceled after the first round and the military effectively took control of the government, forcing pro-reform president Chadli Bendjedid from office.
His consistent regard for what would now be called human rights, especially as regards his Christian opponents, drew widespread admiration, and a crucial intervention to save the Christian community of Damascus from a massacre in 1860 brought honours and awards from around the world.
Within Algeria, his efforts to unite the country against foreign invaders saw him hailed as the "modern Jugurtha"The name "Abdelkader" is sometimes transliterated as "ʿAbd al-Qādir", "Abd al-Kader", "Abdul Kader" or other variants, and he is often referred to as simply the Emir Abdelkader (since El Djezairi just means "the Algerian").
In particular, these rules are contained in the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, to which Algeria signed up in 19 respectively.
IHL is as relevant today as it ever was, but needs strengthening in certain areas in order to better protect the victims of conflict.
), known as the Emir Abdelkader or Abdelkader El Djezairi, was an Algerian "Sharif" religious and military leader who led a struggle against the French colonial invasion in the mid-19th century.
In 1825, he set out on the Hajj, the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, with his father.Organization is in the hands of the Emir Abdelkader foundation, working in partnership with the Algerian justice ministry, the ICRC and the Algerian Red Crescent.The colloquium commemorates the 130th anniversary of Emir Abdelkader's death and the 150th anniversary of the ICRC.The GIA motto was "no agreement, no truce, no dialogue" and declared war on the FIS in 1994 after it made progress in negotiations with the government.The MIA and various smaller insurgent bands regrouped, becoming the FIS-loyalist Islamic Salvation Army (AIS).
Modern international humanitarian law (IHL) is a set of rules designed to protect people who are not taking part in hostilities, including those who have been but are no longer doing so.